China’s Xi’an Terracotta Warriors, A Historical Gem You Cannot Miss

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Several years ago after finishing my third year in Northeast China, we decided to embark on a three-month trip around Asia, part of which included a long train journey from Beijing to Xi’an to see the Terracotta Warriors.


Terracotta Warriors - Image Source

I was going through travel photos recently, and stumbled upon these gems. I can honestly say in all these years of travel, they still remain one of the most impressive sights I have ever laid eyes on. They were also one of the first UNESCO World Heritage sites I’ve visited, so I mean it when I say that this is a place that is close to my heart. There is no explaining the sheer magnitude of this find.


Looking to the far side of the pit, you can see there’s just one person sharing this incredible space with us. This was taken in February 2006. The photo below was taken in 2011. There were lots of people visiting that day and it has grown in popularity in just a few years.

Terracotta Warriors, Xian '11-55
Terracotta Warriors, Xian '11-74
Terracotta Warriors, Xian '11-03
Our journey started off in Xi’an after boarding the local mini bus to the archaeological site. We were the only foreigners on the bus; and our fellow passengers were mostly Chinese workers, who stared obviously at us while blowing smoke rings out the half cracked windows. Of course, the bus broke down out in the middle of nowhere, and we had to kill an hour waiting for the driver to fix the problem.

The Terracotta Warriors are undoubtedly one of the biggest archeological finds of the 20th century. The site is located just 1.5 kilometers easy of Emperor Qin Shi Huang‘s Mausoleum, in Lontong, Xi’an in Shaanxi Province. Qin Shi Huang became the Emperor of China in 246 BC  and it took him 11 long years to finish the work on his mausoleum, which is said to contain untold treasures of historical and financial value. He ordered the construction of this massive terracotta army to accompany him into death. The site was uncovered by a group of farmers who uncovered some pottery while digging a new well bear the royal tomb in 1974.

A museum was built on site in 1975, and visitors have been flocking there in droves to see these life size figures of warriors arranged in battle formations. They are exact replicas of what the Imperial Guard wore in those days, and the mere site of them is simply magnificent. The sheer grandeur of this site will just blow your mind, especially when you stop to consider that three pits of warriors cover an area of 16,300 square meters. Altogether, there are over 7,000 soldiers standing on guard with their horses, chariots and weapons of war. It was listed as a UNESCO world heritage site in 1987.



At the end, we spent some money on a few trinkets. It was obvious none of the vendors had made any sales that day, and they looked plain miserable in the bitterly cold wind. John bought me a beautiful Russian white fox fur hat, and we purchased a few warrior statues for gifts for our parents.

We also spent some time wandering around the Emperor’s Tomb. Although there wasn’t much to see, it was pretty neat to stand on that mound and learn about what was beneath our feet.

Quick Facts:

  • Admission: Your admission covers entrance to the Emperor Qin Shi Huang’s Mausoleum Site as well as the Museum of Terracotta Warriors, Lishan Garden, and shuttle buses within the complex.
  • CNY150 March to November
  • CNY120 December to February
  • From Xi’an: Tourist bus #5 (306) leaves from the east square of Xian Railway Station. Bus #307 leaves from the South Gate of Tang Paradise. The trip there takes about an hour.
  • From Xi’an North Railway Station: Free shuttle buses leave  from Xi’an North Railway Station. They run from 8am to 4pm and returned from the Terracotta Warriors Museum at 10:30am and 7:30pm.
  • From Lintong District: Take Bus # 914, 915 or Special Line 101. The journey takes around 15 minutes.
  • From Xi’an Xianyang International Airport: Take the Airport Shuttle Line 2 to Xi’an Railway Station. Tickets cost CNY25. The bus departs every hour starting at 10:15am at 1F of T2.
  • By taxi: The fee is CNY200. Your driver might want to take you to see other sites, so be sure to tell him what you want to see first.



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