Langjökull Glacier is Iceland’s second largest glacier after Vatnajökull and is situated in the west of the Icelandic interior or Highlands of Iceland which can be seen clearly from Haukadalur. I ended up there because I signed up to go snowmobiling on a glacier and it happens to be one of the most popular ones tourists go to, particularly in the summer months. While mid-June isn’t particularly the hottest temperatures Iceland’s summer sees, it was warm enough to show melting spots on the glacier itself and there were some areas we stayed clear of because of it.
There are numerous spots en route to the Glacier that are worth seeing, such as the colorful Kerid Crater, the Geysir Hot Springs and Pingvellir National Park, all included in the notorious Golden Circle jeep tours that many of the adventure tour companies offer. Often, the snowmobiling excursion is the last stop of the day and my only complaint about it was that I wanted longer time in the snow.
They deck you out in waterproof snow gear and match you up with a snowmobile. Luckily, because I was traveling alone, I was given my own machine which meant I didn’t have to slow down because someone on the back was nervous about my speed.
The views are spectacular in every direction.
The glacier is roughly parallel to the direction of the country’s active volcanic zone and is about 50 km long and 15 to 20 km wide and is the nearest large glacier to Reykjavik.
The area of the glacier includes some mountains, such as Jarlhettur also known as “Earl’s Hat” on the east side of Langjokull Glacier, a palagonitic mountain range, which originated in a fissure eruption under a glacier during Ice Age. The mountain Skridufell is located on the east, above lake Hvitarvatn and other mountains on the eastern side of the glacier include Fjallkirkja, Thursaborg and Peturshorn.
Despite the size of Langjokull, not many rivers directly originate there. That said, there are streams that feed Lake Thingvallavatn, some 50 km to the south and easily accessible to tourists. Also, many of the hot springs in the Borgarfjordur region (near the estuary of the river Hvita on the west coast), such as Deildartunguhver, receive ground water from Langjokull.
The same is true for the lake Hvitarvatn to the east although Langjokull is apparently shrinking quite fast, and some researchers believe that it will disappear in about 150 years if climate change continues at its recent pace.
Under Langjokull, there are two or more volcanic systems and the calderas can easily be seen from the air. The best known of these is Hveravellir with its hot spring and high temperature area to the east of the glacier. During an Ice Age, some shield volcanoes of this system covered the plains with lava in the region of today’s Kjolur mountain road. The lava field is about 7,800 years old.
A smaller volcanic system lies to the north-west of the glacier in the Arnarvatnsheidi, north of the glacier Eiriksjokull. About 1,000 years ago, the craters of this system produced the lava field Hallmundarhraun which extends some 50 kilometers westward into the valley of the Hvita. Volcanically, the region is relatively quiet, compared to other regions in Iceland, with just 32 eruptions in the last 10,000 years. Below, hanging out on a pile of lava remains.
Note: I was hosted by Mountaineers of Iceland, a adventure touring company based in Iceland, but my opinions expressed are entirely my own. I’d recommend taking them for one of their tours – their guides are passionate and knowledgeable about the area. And, cute too! :-)