Highlights of Beautiful Peru


Peru Highlights

Peru is Latin America’s third-largest country and a land of spectacular landscapes. There are three distinct regions: the coastal plains, the Andes Mountains and the Amazon rain forest. The coastal region is home to the majority of the Peruvian population. It is a popular destination and if you visit, backpackers travel insurance should provide comprehensive cover.

The Capital

Peru’s capital city, Lima, was called “Cuidad de los Reyes” (City of the Kings) by its founder, the Spanish conquistador, Francisco Pizarro. Lima’s historical centre boasts architectural treasures from the Spanish colonial era such as the buildings around the Plaza Mayor, Magico Circuito del Agua and the Church and Convent of San Francisco.


The sacred city of Caral, on the Supe River some 200 km north of Lima, is the most ancient city in the Western Hemisphere. This is the site of the 5,000-year-old Norte Chico civilisation. The inhabitants built sprawling pyramids and made delicate musical instruments from condor and pelican bones.

The Nazca Lines

The Nazca Lines are 400 km south of Lima. These are geoglyphs – lines in the ground – representing living and stylised creatures and geometrical patterns several kilometres in length. They were produced by the Nazca culture that inhabited the region between 100 BCE to 500 CE. Nazcas built underground aqueducts and made elaborate textiles and pottery.


Arequipa, about 800 km south east of Lima, is Peru’s second city. Its white Spanish colonial architecture gave it the name “White City”. It stands within a landscape of fertile valleys and volcanoes. The region is Peru’s agricultural and culinary centre. Arequipa is the birthplace of Nobel-prizing winning author Mario Vargas Llosa.

Cuzco + The Sacred Valley

Cuzco in south-eastern Peru was the capital of the Inca empire and is built at an elevation of 3,400 metres. The San Blas neighbourhood is the city’s historic centre. Houses here are built on lines and foundations originally set out by the Incas. Spanish colonists converted the 6th Inca king’s palace into an archbishop’s residence.

The Sacred Valley of the Incas lies just 15 km north of Cuzco. It runs parallel to the Urubamba (sometimes called Vilcanota) river and has numerous archaeological sites and villages. It was an important maize-growing region for the Incas and a source of mineral wealth

The Macchu Picchu archaeological site is some 80 km north-west of Cuzco in the Urubamba Valley. It is Peru’s most famous tourist attraction and is believed to have been an Inca religious site.

The Inca Trail is a trekking route along some 23,000 km of roads built by the Incas before the Spanish colonisation. It consists of two north-south roads stretching from Quito in Ecuador through Peru and Bolivia and ending in Mendoza province in Argentina. It has many east-west branches.

Its best-known section is the Inca Macchu Picchu Trail from Cuzco to Macchu Picchu. This is about 43 km long and passes through cloud forest and Andean tundra. Backpackers travel insurance is essential for this trek to insure against any injury.

Lainie Liberti
Lainie Liberti is a recovering branding expert, who’s career once focused on creating campaigns for green - eco business, non-profits and conscious business. Dazzling clients with her high-energy designs for over 18 years, Lainie lent her artistic talents to businesses that matter.  But that was then.

In 2008, after the economy took a turn, Lainie decided to be the change (instead of a victim) and began the process of “lifestyle redesign,” a joint decision between both her and her 11-year-old son, Miro. They sold or gave away all of of their possessions in 2009 and began a life of travel, service, and exploration. Lainie and her son Miro began their open-ended adventure backpacking through Central and South America. They are slow traveling around the globe allowing inspiration to be their compass. The pair is most interested in exploring different cultures, contributing by serving, and connecting with humanity as ‘global citizens.’

Today Lainie considers herself a digital nomad who is living a location independent life. She and her son write and podcast their experiences from the road at Raising Miro on the Road of Life.
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2 Responses to Highlights of Beautiful Peru

  1. Johnny Zuniga March 30, 2012 at 11:17 am #

    Dear Friends,
    After living 12 years in the United States, 3 years in Brazil, 6 years in Dominican Republic and many trips worldwide, I am back in my country for multiple reasons…but freedom and stable economy most of it.
    Thanks for the time.

  2. Liz March 31, 2012 at 2:42 pm #

    I loved the insights about Peru. Visiting Macchu Picchu is on my bucket list. Do you have any specific cultural tips for someone traveling to Peru?

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